Noncoherent capacity of underspread fading channels

  • Authors:
  • Giuseppe Durisi;Ulrich G. Schuster;Helmut Bölcskei;Shlomo Shamai

  • Affiliations:
  • ETH Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland;Robert Bosch GmbH, Stuttgart, Germany and ETH Zurich, Switzerland;ETH Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland;Technion-Israel Institute of Technology, Technion City, Haifa, Israel

  • Venue:
  • IEEE Transactions on Information Theory
  • Year:
  • 2010

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We derive bounds on the noncoherent capacity of wide-sense stationary uncorrelated scattering (WSSUS) channels that are selective both in time and frequency, and are underspread, i.e., the product of the channel's delay spread and Doppler spread is small. The underspread assumption is satisfied by virtually all wireless communication channels. For input signals that are peak constrained in time and frequency, we obtain upper and lower bounds on capacity that are explicit in the channel's scattering function, are accurate for a large range of bandwidth, and allow to coarsely identify the capacity-optimal bandwidth as a function of the peak power and the channel's scattering function. We also obtain a closed-form expression for the first-order Taylor series expansion of capacity in the infinite-bandwidth limit, and show that our bounds are tight in the wideband regime. For input signals that are peak constrained in time only (and, hence, allowed to be peaky in frequency), we provide upper and lower bounds on the infinite-bandwidth capacity. Our lower bound is closely related to a result by Viterbi (1967). We find cases where the bounds coincide and, hence, the infinite-bandwidth capacity is characterized exactly. The analysis in this paper is based on a discrete-time discretefrequency approximation of WSSUS time- and frequency-selective channels. This discretization takes the underspread property of the channel explicitly into account.