Uplink channel capacity of space-division-multiple-access schemes

  • Authors:
  • B. Suard;Guanghan Xu;Hui Liu;T. Kailath

  • Affiliations:
  • Lab. for Inf. & Decision Syst., MIT, Cambridge, MA;-;-;-

  • Venue:
  • IEEE Transactions on Information Theory
  • Year:
  • 1998

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The signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) and signal bandwidth have been viewed as the dominant factors determining the channel capacity. In wireless communications, the channel capacity can be increased for a given SNR and a given spectral region, by exploiting the spatial diversity provided by the use of multiple antennas and transceivers at a base station. We calculate the channel capacity enhancement of a so-called space-division-multiple-access (SDMA) system and investigate its dependence with respect to different decoding schemes, terminal positions, and receiver numbers. Inner and outer capacity boundaries for joint decoding and independent decoding are presented, along with physical explanations as to how these boundaries can be achieved. We show that exploitation of the spatial diversity not only increases the overall achievable rates of both joint and independent decoding, but also closes the gap between their corresponding capacity regions, thus bringing the performance of the low-cost independent decoding scheme close to that of the optimal joint decoding. Practical issues of optimum projection and power control are also addressed