Limiting performance of block-fading channels with multiple antennas

  • Authors:
  • E. Biglieri;G. Caire;G. Taricco

  • Affiliations:
  • Politecnico di Torino;-;-

  • Venue:
  • IEEE Transactions on Information Theory
  • Year:
  • 2006

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We derive the performance limits of a radio system consisting of a transmitter with t antennas and a receiver with r antennas, a block-fading channel with additive white Gaussian noise (AWGN), delay and transmit-power constraints, and perfect channel-state information available at both the transmitter and the receiver. Because of a delay constraint, the transmission of a codeword is assumed to span a finite (and typically small) number M of independent channel realizations; therefore, the relevant performance limits are the information outage probability and the “delay-limited” (or “nonergodic”) capacity. We derive the coding scheme that minimizes the information outage probability. This scheme can be interpreted as the concatenation of an optimal code for the AWGN channel without fading to an optimal beamformer. For this optimal scheme, we evaluate minimum-outage probability and delay-limited capacity. Among other results, we prove that, for the fairly general class of regular fading channels, the asymptotic delay-limited capacity slope, expressed in bits per second per hertz (b/s/Hz) per decibel of transmit signal-to-noise ratio (SNR), is proportional to min (t,r) and independent of the number of fading blocks M. Since M is a measure of the time diversity (induced by interleaving) or of the frequency diversity of the system, this result shows that, if channel-state information is available also to the transmitter, very high rates with asymptotically small error probabilities are achievable without the need of deep interleaving or high-frequency diversity. Moreover, for a large number of antennas, delay-limited capacity approaches ergodic capacity