Efficient Techniques for Detecting False Origin Advertisements in Inter-domain Routing

  • Authors:
  • Sophie Qiu;Fabian Monrose;Andreas Terzis;Patrick McDaniel

  • Affiliations:
  • Dept. of CS, Johns Hopkins University;Dept. of CS, Johns Hopkins University;Dept. of CS, Johns Hopkins University;Dept. of CSE, Pennsylvania State University

  • Venue:
  • NPSEC '06 Proceedings of the 2006 2nd IEEE Workshop on Secure Network Protocols
  • Year:
  • 2006

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The Border Gateway Protocol (BGP), and hence the Internet, remains critically vulnerable to a range of prefix forgery attacks. In this paper, we address these attacks by proposing a non-cryptographic, incrementally deployable mechanismto probabilistically detect forged BGP origin advertisements. Upon receiving an advertisement from a "suspicious" origin, the receiving domain intelligently probes other ASes about the received information. Any dissenting information indicates potential forgery or error, and is reported by the polled ASes to the true origin and processed appropriately. In this design, we exploit the fact that the highly connected AStopology makes it difficult to block the dissemination of information as it traverses the Internet. We evaluate the effectiveness of our probing mechanism via simulation on realistic Internet topologies. The experiments show that 98% of forgeries can be detected even when as few as 10% of the ASes participate in the protocol under a naïve polling stratagem. Moreover, we show that judicious node selection can further improve detection rates while minimizing the number of probes.