On the self-similar nature of Ethernet traffic (extended version)
IEEE/ACM Transactions on Networking (TON)
Wide area traffic: the failure of Poisson modeling
IEEE/ACM Transactions on Networking (TON)
Why we don't know how to simulate the Internet
Proceedings of the 29th conference on Winter simulation
Self-similarity in World Wide Web traffic: evidence and possible causes
IEEE/ACM Transactions on Networking (TON)
On power-law relationships of the Internet topology
Proceedings of the conference on Applications, technologies, architectures, and protocols for computer communication
King: estimating latency between arbitrary internet end hosts
ACM SIGCOMM Computer Communication Review
Estimating the Selectivity of Spatial Queries Using the `Correlation' Fractal Dimension
VLDB '95 Proceedings of the 21th International Conference on Very Large Data Bases
Proceedings of the 2003 conference on Applications, technologies, architectures, and protocols for computer communications
Algorithmic Applications of Low-Distortion Geometric Embeddings
FOCS '01 Proceedings of the 42nd IEEE symposium on Foundations of Computer Science
Bounded Geometries, Fractals, and Low-Distortion Embeddings
FOCS '03 Proceedings of the 44th Annual IEEE Symposium on Foundations of Computer Science
Virtual landmarks for the internet
Proceedings of the 3rd ACM SIGCOMM conference on Internet measurement
PIC: Practical Internet Coordinates for Distance Estimation
ICDCS '04 Proceedings of the 24th International Conference on Distributed Computing Systems (ICDCS'04)
Vivaldi: a decentralized network coordinate system
Proceedings of the 2004 conference on Applications, technologies, architectures, and protocols for computer communications
Triangulation and Embedding Using Small Sets of Beacons
FOCS '04 Proceedings of the 45th Annual IEEE Symposium on Foundations of Computer Science
Big-bang simulation for embedding network distances in Euclidean space
IEEE/ACM Transactions on Networking (TON)
Low-distortion embeddings of general metrics into the line
Proceedings of the thirty-seventh annual ACM symposium on Theory of computing
Meridian: a lightweight network location service without virtual coordinates
Proceedings of the 2005 conference on Applications, technologies, architectures, and protocols for computer communications
Metric Embeddings with Relaxed Guarantees
FOCS '05 Proceedings of the 46th Annual IEEE Symposium on Foundations of Computer Science
A Hierarchical Approach to Internet Distance Prediction
ICDCS '06 Proceedings of the 26th IEEE International Conference on Distributed Computing Systems
IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence
Measurement based analysis, modeling, and synthesis of the internet delay space
Proceedings of the 6th ACM SIGCOMM conference on Internet measurement
A structural approach to latency prediction
Proceedings of the 6th ACM SIGCOMM conference on Internet measurement
On the accuracy of embeddings for internet coordinate systems
IMC '05 Proceedings of the 5th ACM SIGCOMM conference on Internet Measurement
iPlane: an information plane for distributed services
OSDI '06 Proceedings of the 7th USENIX Symposium on Operating Systems Design and Implementation - Volume 7
Towards network triangle inequality violation aware distributed systems
Proceedings of the 7th ACM SIGCOMM conference on Internet measurement
In search of the elusive ground truth: the internet's as-level connectivity structure
SIGMETRICS '08 Proceedings of the 2008 ACM SIGMETRICS international conference on Measurement and modeling of computer systems
Network coordinates in the wild
NSDI'07 Proceedings of the 4th USENIX conference on Networked systems design & implementation
An introduction to kernel-based learning algorithms
IEEE Transactions on Neural Networks
Study and performance of localization methods in IP based networks: Vivaldi algorithm
Journal of Network and Computer Applications
A virtual and distributed control layer with proximity awareness for group conferencing in P2PSIP
Principles, Systems and Applications of IP Telecommunications
Scalable and systematic Internet-wide path and delay estimation from existing measurements
Computer Networks: The International Journal of Computer and Telecommunications Networking
CloudGPS: a scalable and ISP-friendly server selection scheme in cloud computing environments
Proceedings of the 2012 IEEE 20th International Workshop on Quality of Service
Multi-manifold model of the Internet delay space
Journal of Network and Computer Applications
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We investigate the dimensionality properties of the Internet delay space, i.e., the matrix of measured round-trip latencies between Internet hosts. Previous work on network coordinates has indicated that this matrix can be embedded, with reasonably low distortion, into a 4- to 9-dimensional Euclidean space. The application of Principal Component Analysis (PCA) reveals the same dimensionality values. Our work addresses the question: to what extent is the dimensionality an intrinsic property of the delay space, defined without reference to a host metric such as Euclidean space? Is the intrinsic dimensionality of the Internet delay space approximately equal to the dimension determined using embedding techniques or PCA? If not, what explains the discrepancy? What properties of the network contribute to its overall dimensionality? Using datasets obtained via the King [14] method, we study different measures of dimensionality to establish the following conclusions. First, based on its power-law behavior, the structure of the delay space can be better characterized by fractal measures. Second, the intrinsic dimension is significantly smaller than the value predicted by the previous studies; in fact by our measures it is less than 2. Third, we demonstrate a particular way in which the AS topology is reflected in the delay space; subnetworks composed of hosts which share an upstream Tier-1 autonomous system in common possess lower dimensionality than the combined delay space. Finally, we observe that fractal measures, due to their sensitivity to non-linear structures, display higher precision for measuring the influence of subtle features of the delay space geometry.