Discrete mobile centers

  • Authors:
  • Jie Gao;Leonidas Guibas;John Hershberger;Li Zhang;An Zhu

  • Affiliations:
  • Department of Computer Science, Stanford University, Stanford, CA;Department of Computer Science, Stanford University, Stanford, CA;Mentor Graphics, 8005 S.W. Boeckman Road, Wilsonville, OR;Compaq Systems Research Center, 130 Lytton Avenue, Palo Alto, CA;Department of Computer Science, Stanford University, Stanford, CA

  • Venue:
  • SCG '01 Proceedings of the seventeenth annual symposium on Computational geometry
  • Year:
  • 2001

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\emph{We propose a new randomized algorithm for maintaining a set of c lusters among moving nodes in the plane. Given a specified cluster radius, our algorithm selects and maintains a variable subset of the nodes as cluster centers. This subset has the property that (1) balls of the given radius centered at the chosen nodes cover all the others and (2) the number of centers selected is a constant-factor approximation of the minimum possible. As the nodes move, an event-based kinetic data structure updates the clustering as necessary. This kinetic data structure is shown to be responsive, efficient, local, and compact. The produced cover is also smooth, in the sense that wholesale cluster re-arrangements are avoided. The algorithm can be implemented without exact knowledge of the node positions, if each node is able to sense its distance to other nodes up to the cluster radius. Such a kinetic clustering can be used in numerous applications where mobile devices must be interconnected into an ad-hoc network to collaboratively perform some task.}